Biomarkers in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies reported consistent and substantial impairments in the central nervous system (CNS) in multiple sclerosis (MS). Studies of peripheral nervous system (PNS) function comprising electromyoneurography (EMNG) reported impairments of the PNS in MS that were less pronounced and inconsistent. Neurophysiological studies are generally small and cross-sectional and with the poor grouping of MS patients according to MS type. The objective of the study is to investigate clinical, neurophysiological, and immunological markers in relapsing-remitting MS patients, and in patients with...
Biomarkers of Synaptic Damage in Multiple Sclerosis
A prospective and retrospective cohort study of about five years will be performed on blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples taken for diagnostic reasons from recruited patients within the Neuromed Neurology Unit. Subjects with other chronic neurodegenerative diseases such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), and healthy subjects subjected to blood sampling and / or lumbar puncture for clinical reasons will be recruited As control groups.
Botulinum Toxin A vs Anticholinergic Treatment of Neurogenic Overactive Bladder in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
Botulinum toxin type A injections into the detrusor at a dose of 200 units (U) of BOTOX® are a recognized second-line treatment for the treatment of adult neurogenic lower urinary tract disorders. Anticholinergics are established as the usual first-line treatment for neurogenic detrusor hyperactivity, but are oft not sufficiently effective and have significant side effects. In patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffering from overactive bladder, the 200 U dose of BOTOX® is very effective but induces a risk of urinary retention in 30% of patients requiring the temporary use of self-catheterization1. At 100 U, a recent study shows the ...
Brain Health Registry: An Online Registry to Identify and Assess Subjects for Brain Research
The overall goal of this project is to identify, assess and longitudinally monitor subjects who are interested in participating in brain research. Participants will enroll through the website, BrainHealthRegistry.org, and provide informed consent prior to any study activities. The website will collect a variety of information, including participants' overall health, memory complaints, family history of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD), mood status, sleep, diet, and exercise-all through self-reported online questionnaires. Participants will also be ask to take online cognitive tests, and to return to the website at regular ...
Bright Light Therapy as Possible Treatment Option for MS-Fatigue
This study aims to investigate the effect of a 2-week trial of bright light therapy (BLT, 10.000 lx) on fatigue in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In this randomised placebo-controlled trial, the effect of bright light therapy will be compared to dim red light. MS-fatigue is quantified by patients using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and activity levels, subjective and objective sleep parameters and daytime sleepiness are measured.
Can Fatigability Neuromuscular Explain Chronic Fatigue in People With Multiple Sclerosis?
Chronic fatigue is the most common and debilitating symptom in multiple sclerosis patients. This chronic fatigue affects their quality of life by decreasing their capacity to perform simple tasks of daily life. The aim of the present project is to determine whether deteriorated neuromuscular function (i.e. increased fatigability) is involved in this feeling of chronic fatigue. Because the causes of this feeling are multi-dimensional, a large battery of tests will allow us to better understand the origin of chronic fatigue. A better knowledge of chronic fatigue etiology will allow to optimize rehabilitation treatments to decrease...
CCMR Two: A Phase IIa, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of the Ability of the Combination of Metformin and Clemastine to Promote Remyelination in People With Relapsing-remitting Multiple Sclerosis Already on Disease-modifying Therapy
The greatest unmet need for people with multiple sclerosis is an effective therapy for the progressive phase. Current treatments suppress the damage caused by the immune system but there is only a limited window in which these can work. Consequently, much of the research community is turning its attention to the process of repair, called remyelination, in which the lining of nerve cells is reformed. This protects nerves from dying and therefore can delay, prevent, or even reverse, disability progression. It has previously been shown that stem cells are already present in the brain that can carry out this process. Clemastine, an...
Central Vein Sign: a Diagnostic Biomarker in Multiple Sclerosis
The need for improved diagnostic methods in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is widely recognized. Although Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a longstanding tool for detecting MS lesions, diagnostic inaccuracies persist. Up to 20% of people diagnosed with MS (1 in 5) are later found not to have the disease. This is highly consequential, as more than two-thirds of misdiagnosed patients are unnecessarily exposed to risks from disease-modifying therapies, which in rare cases can be life-threatening. Moreover, the current standard in MS diagnosis - the McDonald criteria, which combine clinical symptoms and MRI findings - were developed from...
ChariotMS - Cladribine to Halt Deterioration in People With Advanced Multiple Sclerosis
MS is a chronic inflammatory and degenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting more than 120,000 people in the UK.and 2.5 million people worldwide. Without disease modifying treatment (DMT),the majority of people with MS (pwMS) will develop significant disability within 10 years of onset, and 50% will require wheelchair assistance within 20 years. convenient, highly effective and CNS penetrant DMT for patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (pwRMS) administered in short (8-10 days/year over 2 years) treatment courses. It effectively depletes B cells, particularly Memory B cells, a likely key mechanism of ...
Cladribine Tablets After Treatment With Natalizumab (CLADRINA)
The purpose of this study is to generate hypotheses regarding the safety, efficacy, and immunological impact of cladribine tablets after treatment with natalizumab in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (active SPMS).